The Qinghai- Tibet Railway is the highest-elevation railway in the world and also one of the four major projects in the new century of China. The length of the Railway is 1956km.
The Qinghai-Tibet Railway is the first to connect Tibet to other provinces in China which has opened seven routes to Lhasa now, including Guangzhou to Lhasa, Shanghai to Lhasa, Beijing to Lhasa, Lanzhou to Lhasa, Xining to Lhasa, Chengdu to Lhasa and Chongqing to Lhasa. The cities of the Qinghai-Tibet Railway include Beijing, Guangzhou, Changsha, Wuchang, Zhengzhou, Shijiazhuang, Shanghai, Wuxi, Nanjing, Bengbu, Xuzhou, Xi’an, Chengdu, Guangyuan, Baoji, Guang’an, Dazhou, Lanzhou, Xining, Delingha , Golmud, Tuotuohe, Amdo, Nagqu, Dangxiong a total of 26 towns or cities .
The trains are particularly built for high elevation circumstances. Most areas of the Qinghai-Tibet lines are at high altitudes, the construction faces three major technical hitches: the geologic structure of permafrost, plateau hypoxia circumstance and fragile ecological environment. Nearly half of the second section was built on barely permanent permafrost. The heat of the trains passing above is able to melt the permafrost. And the air in Tibet is much thinner, special carriages being used on the train. After years of exploration and research, the Qinghai-Tibet Railway was finally opened to traffic in July 2006. On 15th August 2014, the Lhasa-Shigatse railway opened to passengers as an extension line of Qinghai-Tibet Railway with altitudes ranging from 3600 to 4000 meters.
Before the construction of the railway, Tibet is backward in economy, culture and social development due to its inadequate transportation facilities. The completion of the railway has completely solved the ‘in and out Tibet’ problem, and formed a three-dimensional traffic model of train, air and car. Tibet travel is no longer a difficult thing for tourists especially for foreigners. (If you are fond of my posts, please follow my website here Bella Chang, I’ll update every day.)
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